In short, abnormal behavior, thoughts and emotions

A minimum of 100 words each and References Response (#1 – 6) KEEP RESPONSE WITH ANSWER EACH ANSWER NEED TO HAVE A SCHOLARY SOURCE with a Hyperlink

Make sure the Responses includes the Following: (a) an understanding of the weekly content as supported by a scholarly resource, (b) the provision of a probing question. (c) stay on topic

1. In short, abnormal behavior, thoughts and emotions, are those that differ from society’s definition of properly functioning, or the norm (Comer, 2018). These norms tend to differ between cultures which help to establish rules for proper conduct. What constitutes as abnormal behavior depends on specific circumstances and cultural norms (Comer, 2018). An example of abnormal behavior could be unusualness like a person who lives with many animals and isolates themselves from society. The behavior of this person is deviant and may be dysfunctional, but could be seen as eccentric rather than abnormal to a professional.

2. Abnormal behavior, in simple terms, is behavior outside of societal norms (Comer, 2018). Abnormalities differ based on what society you come from. Generally speaking, being considered normal means that you are complying by your society’s standards. Abnormalities arise when behavior is deviant, distressing, dysfunctional, or dangerous. An example of abnormal behavior would be manic behavior. A manic episode typically involves less sleep, risky behavior, irritability, increased talking, and even hypersexuality (Purse, 2019). This is typically deviant from the person’s normal behavior by definition. The manic behavior can be distressing for both the affected and their family or other loved ones. Risky behavior causes worry and distress. Irritability can create all sorts of distressing situations. When a person is manic, they are in a state of dysfunction. Memory and responsibilities often fall to the backburner while the manic episode rides its course. Of all the things that define abnormal behavior, a manic episode can be especially dangerous to both the person experiencing it as well as the others around them because it involves risky behavior—which implies many things from gambling to drugs. It often results in the person experiencing the episode being hospitalized.

3. “One common conceptualization of abnormality focuses on what is often called the Four Ds: deviance, distress, dysfunction, and danger (Topic 1 Resource, 2018).” An example of abnormal behavior is someone who hears voices telling them to do certain things. Some people may show this kind of abnormal behavior out of nowhere, or they have always heard these voices. This person can be deviant to their old life once they start hearing these voices and if they listen to them or not. These voices can cause distress to the person as well because if they listen to the voices, then they might start doing bad things. These voices can also cause dysfunction in this person life and how they act around others. Having this abnormal behavior can be very dangerous for the person and for others around them. Choosing to listen to the voices can cause harm to the person or to others.

4. An example of a non-experimental design in the correlation method. The correlation method is used to see if there is a relationship between two different things (Comer, 2018). This method helps researchers determine how much one variable change when the other one does. An example of when a correlation method would be used is if researchers were trying to determine if those who exercise seem to be less depressed. Another example that the textbook uses is, if the amount of stress in someone’s live affects the degree of their depression (Comer, 2018). The correlation method can be useful in being able to repeat the research and compare whether the new findings align with the previous ones. Other research designs are the case study method. The case study method allows researches to look at a person’s history in detail to help understand why a problem developed. Although they can be helpful it can be hard to single the research down to one possible cause that can give internal accuracy (Comer, 2018). In the excremental method the variables can be manipulated (Comer, 2018). Doctors used this method in their experimental trials. The patients know they are involved in the trials but do not know which person receives the drug while all the others get the Placebo. Experimental the participants know that they are involved in the research process.

5. Experimental design refers to how the participants are assigned to different conditions/treatments in an experiment (Myers & Hansen, 2012). One group would be considered the experimental group and the other group would be considered the control group. An example of experimental design would be between-subjects design. An example of a between-groups design would be a researcher testing a new drug for anxiety. One group would receive the anxiety medication while the other group will receive a placebo.

A non-experimental design is used in situations where an experiment is not feasible or desirable. A correlational method is an example of a non-experimental design because it researches how much of a relationship there is between two variables (Comer, 2018). When a researcher is trying to conclude the relationship between the number of hot days and the amount of ice cream sold from the ice cream truck, this would be correlational. In an experimental design, the researcher manipulates one or more variables and in a non-experimental design, the researcher explores the relationships or differences between the variables.

6. The main difference between an experimental and nonexperimental research design lies in how the hypothesis is put to the test. In an experimental design, a hypothesis is formulated and variables are manipulated (Myers & Hansen, 2012). In a nonexperimental design, there is typically still a hypothesis but there is nothing being manipulated for the study and the data is largely empirical, or observable. An example of an experimental research design is testing out a new medication. There is typically the experimental group and the control group to test whether or not the medication does what it is supposed to. The medicine is what is being manipulated. An example of a nonexperimental study would be exploring the relationship between ADHD and depression. It would more or less be something of an investigative study to see where behavior overlaps, how it differs, and how often the two are comorbid. This would not involve the manipulation of any type of variable but rather would involve observation. Experimental designs involve manipulation; nonexperimental designs do not and rely on observation.


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