What are typical symptoms associated with SCID?
The Case of Ruby Rhod: Severe Immu Show more This is a two part question for a short case study in immunology: The Case of Ruby Rhod: Severe Immunodeficiency from Loss of B and T Cells At birth Ruby seemed to be a normal healthy baby. He gained weight normally and cried vigorously. However soon after birth his mother noticed that he developed numerous abnormalities with his health including numerous pus-filled blisters. He was admitted to the hospital where his condition rapidly worsened. He developed enlarged lymph nodes in his neck armpits and groin. Medical personnel identified both Staphylococcus aureus and Candida albicans in pus from the blisters. He also showed signs and symptoms of staphylococcal and fungal infections over his body including in his throat and on his skin. Antibacterial and antifungal treatment was initiated; however blood tests were completed as well. The blood panel results revealed an absence of B cells and non-functioning T cells. Genetic testing was performed to identify cause of this deficiency in B and T cells. RAG1 and RAG2 genes were sequenced and a deleterious mutation was identified in the genes which caused the loss of B and T cells. Ruby was diagnosed with Omenn Syndrome a form of Severe Combined Immunodeficiency (SCID). While identifying the medical cause for Rubys ailment he developed a severe case of pneumonia caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii which ultimately led to his death. 1. a.) What is SCID? What are forms of SCID (a table may be used for this answer)? What is Omenn Syndrome specifically? b.) What are typical symptoms associated with SCID? Are Rubys symptoms characteristics of someone afflicted with SCID? Thank you! Show less
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